Lost work productivity accounts for most of depression’s economic burden and contributes considerably to the pain felt by sufferers, but only recently have studies begun to explore its relationship to the long-term clinical course of the illness.
New research published August 13 in the American Journal of Psychiatry suggests that early changes in work productivity following treatment can help predict recovery down the road. The findings support the value of tracking patients’ work life in addition to other outcomes like depressive symptoms during treatment.
The research was led by principal investigators A. John Rush, M.D., a NARSAD 1991 Distinguished Investigator grantee, and Madhukar H. Trivedi, M.D., a 1992 Young Investigator and 2002 Independent Investigator grantee, at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center. Also contributing to the analysis was Tracy L. Greer, Ph.D., a 2004 Young Investigator grantee. Manish K. Jha, MBBS, was first author on the study.
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Work productivity was assessed in 331 patients with major depression enrolled in the Combining Medications to Enhance Depression Outcomes (CO-MED) trial. The assessments were made throughout the trial. Patients filled out questionnaires about their employment status and number of hours worked, the amount of time missed from work, and impairment while working. Depressive symptoms and cognitive functioning were also tracked throughout the study.
Consistent with previous findings, patients were less likely to miss work and more likely to be productive at work following antidepressant treatment. This was true even after accounting for baseline demographics and changes in self-reported depression severity and cognitive impairments (such as inability to recall information, sustain attention, and find words as well as loss of sharpness or mental acuity) throughout the study. More specifically, productivity improvement was significant within 3 months of the beginning of the trial, what was called the “acute phase,” but there was no observed change in productivity during the trial’s subsequent “continuation phase.”
The researchers also found that an early improvement in work productivity made remission at three and seven months more likely. Patients who showed a larger improvement in work productivity during the first six weeks of treatment had lower levels of depression through the duration of the trial and higher chances for recovery in the long-term.
“Our findings support the importance of measuring work productivity during antidepressant treatment,” the researchers reported. “Work productivity may be an easy-to-administer patient-centered outcome that can identify patients in the course of treatment who may benefit with treatment change or augmentation.”
Their findings demonstrate the benefit of including work productivity assessments in both treatment trials for depression as well as routine clinical practice.
TAKEAWAY: Research suggests that work productivity may predict remission rates in depressed patients following treatment.